Visa, Insurance, Wage Regulations
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Visa & Work Permit
EU Member Countries
For internships in EU member countries, you will not need a Visa or a special work permit but very likely you will have to register locally. This will vary from country to country. In order to find out how and where to register or wether it might be neccessary to send documents in advance, please, use the information provided on the European Job Mobility Portal (EURES).
You may find the required information in the section under Living & Working, or you can also try to contact one of the registered EURES advisors. Please, consult also DAAD's country information website.
Countries Outside the EU
For countries outside the EU you will need either a specific student entry visa or even a student internship visa. Please, take a look at the websites of the embassies and consulates of the specific country! Please, keep in mind that for a number of countries the visa application process may take a while. Make sure to apply early enough.
Before leaving for a internship abroad and before signing the internship contract with your employer, make sure you have sufficient insurance coveradge.
International Health Insurance
If you are a member of a German public health insurance, the backside of your health insurance card shows the EHIC - european health insurance card. It guarantees that you will be covered in almost all EU member states. However, the extend of the coveradge will vary as only the German rates will be paid. The Federal MInistry of Health provides useful information on health insurance coveradge with a German health insurance abroad. Also, the German Liason Agency Health Insurance Abroad (scroll down to section "Praktikum im Ausland") has relevant information, as well as the independent info portal Krankenkassen.Deutschland.
Accident Insurance (private & professional) & Liability Insurance
For Erasmus traineeships both a professional accident and a professional liability insurance is mandatory, a private insurance is highy recommended. We strongly recommend making sure you have both private and professional accident and liability insurance while interning overseas.
Some countries may require the employer by national law to provide professional accident insurance to employees, some may not. You will have to find out in advance wether there is such a regulation in place and wether this extends to student interns as well. Please, ask your supervisor or the HR department of your prospective employer. You may also ask a EURES advisor or try to find out about this on the EURES website (for EU countries).
DAAD Group Insurance & Private Insurance
Students receiving Erasmus traineeship, PROMOS or any other kind of public German internship funding have the option of taking out the DAAD Group Insurance which is offered by the insurance department of the German Academic Exchange Service. It costs about 35€ per month and covers travel health, accident and liability insurance.
However, as a student you ay also still be covered by already existing family insurances of your parents. IN mayn cases these insurances do not automatically cover stays abroad. Please, enquire wether you may be able to temporarily extent any pre-existing insurance coveradge to include your stay abroad. You will need to explicitly mention that you will continue to be a registered student at your home university while you do an internship in a company or an organisation (and may receive an internship compensation). Often such an extension of a pre-existing insurance coveradge may be cheaper than the DAAD Group Insurance. On the downside, this may take a while to find out and it may also take a while to find the matching insurance coveradge extension.
A number of EU and overseas countries have minimum wage regulations for employees. Some also have regulations for student interns. As a starting point to find out about this, I recomment using Wikipedia's List of Minimum Wages by Country. This will give you information on minimum wages for regular employers. You may have to look a little further to find out wether the same minimum wages regulation or a seperate one applies to interns (student interns). Again, for EU countries, you may be able to find this information on the EURES platform or through contacting an EURES advisor.
Please, keep in mind that EU citizens have the same rights in all other EU member state as the respective national EU country citizens. Your workers rights, minimum wage regulations, etc may be different for foreigners in NON-EU countries.